Oil Sentiment has Already Hit Rock Bottom, But Will it Plunge even More?
Monday, 20th April was a historic day for Crude Oil Industry. But, not in a good way. The May US oil futures contract went into negative territory for the first time in history. The reserves are full and there is simply no place to store more oil and almost everyone is avoiding taking delivery of physical crude. Eventually, the contract crashed to an unimaginable -$37.63 a barrel, a decline of $55.90 a barrel! Prices also set a historic low of -$40.32 during the day (Fig. 1).
But it is not just a storage problem. While that may be an issue for the May contract, the bigger and more fundamental and structural concern is on demand. The global oil demand is down more than 30% due to the corona virus pandemic and the lock down in several countries and the June contract also ended down 16% to $20.43 a barrel. While this is in positive territory, a 16% decline is huge and the prices are low in absolute terms as well.
There is limited visibility as of now on when the demand will recover and this is putting a huge pressure on producers who are still bickering on production cuts. For many of them, oil export is a significant part of their revenues and they can’t seem to easily agree on who needs to cut how much of production to bring back some stability in prices. The drop in demand and low crude prices actually made some of them more desperate in their attempts to increase production and gain market share.
Fig.1: April 20th: Intraday Oil Price (time in GMT), Google Trends Interest, and EMAlpha Oil Sentiment (Source: EMAlpha, Google).
This is also visible on EMAlpha Oil News Sentiment tracker as well. While the market movements like Monday’s are related to specific reasons like storage issue, the general sentiment on the demand side is extremely negative. As you can notice from our oil sentiment chart (Fig. 2), this is at the lowest levels after the impact on sentiment seen during the dip in March because of supply glut expected as a result of the price war between Russia and Saudi Arabia.
Fig. 2: EMAlpha Oil Sentiment hit all time low on April 20th.
Should we equate this with what could happen in global economy and other financial markets worldwide? No. Not really, at least immediately. One is that the May Futures in negative territory was more related to specific challenge associated with how to take delivery when there is no storage. Second, the impact on oil demand is already factored in to some extent and markets are not pricing in a big recovery in short term. Third, for some countries which are net importers like India and China, it will be a mixed impact with some positives along with negatives.
There are two more charts which will support what we are saying. The first is Saudi Aramco’s stock price. The biggest and most profitable Oil Company in the world is under stress but either because of very low liquidity or less market focus on what happens in next few months, the stock price is largely doing fine. The other is S&P 500. It fell following then oil crash, but considering whatever has been happening on volatility in the markets over the last few months, the fall was by no means exceptional. This implies that markets are less worried and the concern is limited to oil only. But, it is surely interesting and we need to keep an eye on this.
Fig. 3a: Saudi Arabian Oil Co., April 20th.
Fig. 3b: S&P 500, April 20th.
As the May WTI Futures traded in Negative, the historic fall in crude oil prices prompted us to investigate this issue further. In particular, how oil news sentiment fared around that time.
Coronavirus News Sentiment
After the discussion on Oil and Sentiment Analysis on News flow, the summary of our five Coronavirus related sentiment measures is as follows;
Coronavirus Country-by-Country Sentiment Time Series
This is an important chart because local market reaction depends much more on how the Coronavirus News Sentiment is evolving locally. This has improved over the last week as the number of new cases and deaths has plateaued. A number of countries such as the US, Italy, Australia, India and China are showing sentiment improvement.
Fig. 4: Country by country sentiment score for select countries focusing on Coronavirus related news.
Coronavirus Aggregate Global Sentiment Time Series
The aggregate Global Sentiment on Coronavirus sentiment has improved quite a bit. This has coincided with a number of countries starting to discuss a gradual reopening of their economies as the number of new Coronavirus patients drops.
Fig. 5: Aggregate Coronavirus Global Sentiment.
News Sentiment for Topical Keywords
Because markets are influenced by the sentiment for news flow around some very important and immensely popular keywords, the results are important for market direction. The news sentiment is in deep negative territory for the US President, Donald Trump. His recent Coronavirus briefings fiasco most certainly has been a big contributor to this negative sentiment. The US economy sentiment has also been quite negative notwithstanding the fact that the US stock market did not really take much of a beating as oil fell.
Fig. 6: News Sentiment for select topical search terms
Crude Oil News Sentiment
As we discussed above, the EMAlpha oil news sentiment hit all time low on April 20th. It has, however, recovered quite a bit since last Monday as the oil price quickly rebounded back to its Monday morning level. A high level of oil price volatility should be expected in the coming weeks.
Fig. 7: Daily oil related News Sentiment
Aggregate India Equity Market Sentiment
Even though there were a few positive movements in the Indian equity market, Facebook decided to invest $5.7 billion in Reliance Jio last week, the overall sentiment is still low. The EMAlpha sentiment score for Indian market continues to struggle.
Fig. 8: India Equity Market Sentiment Signal.
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EMAlpha, a data analytics and investment management firm focused on making Emerging Markets (EMs) accessible to global investors and unlocking EM investing using machines. EMAlpha’s focus is on Unstructured Data as the EMs are particularly susceptible to swings in news flow driven investor sentiment. We use thoroughly researched machine learning tools to track evolving sentiment specifically towards EMs and EMAlpha pays special attention to the timely measurement of news sentiment for investors as these markets can be finicky and sentiment can be capricious.Our team members have deep expertise in research and trading in multiple Emerging Markets and EMAlpha’s collaborative approach to combining machine learning tools with a fundamental approach help us understand these markets better.
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